In automation, artificial systems take over the process control and process control tasks. Automation is the result of automation, which means the insertion of machines. The machines are artificial systems that independently follow a program and decide on the control and control of the processes. A distinction is made between partial and full automation, depending on the scope of the acquisition of control and control tasks. Degree of automation represents the share of the automated functions in the overall function of the production process. Production processes should be carried out as completely as possible by machines in order to increase productivity. Automation refers to handling, conveying and processing operations.
Reasons for automation
The automation processes increase throughput performance. In addition, man is relieved of heavy work. This saves significant costs for staff. The product quality is improved with the automation processes and standardization of quality is made possible. Misproduction is also reduced and the production process is improved.
Main areas and areas of application
The main areas of automation systems include the control, control and monitoring of processes. It is about monitoring the operation of plants, compliance with the process state and the realization of process sequences. The realization of self-optimizing systems is also made possible by the automation processes. Automation systems can perform complex tasks.
The automation processes regulate the temperature as well as the humidity in working and living rooms. Processes, rooms and facilities are monitored. In addition, the body’s own parameters, such as blood pressure, body temperature and balance, are regulated to maintain life functions. In addition, multi-stage processes can be controlled in washing machines. In this way, people are relieved of a time-consuming activity. Automation processes enable the price control of aircraft by autopilots and airspace monitoring. This relieves the captains of the flight. Automation processes ensure effective vehicle production by using program-controlled industrial robots. Better safety standards in the vehicles are also implemented. By means of automation systems, self-optimization of wind turbines is possible. Automation systems bring a state of equilibrium into ecological systems and ensure their maintenance. Automation processes enable autonomous navigation of transport drones.
Disadvantages of automation processes
The advantages of automation processes outweigh the benefits. However, automation also has limitations. In the beginning, the automation processes were in large-scale industry, and now they are located in almost all areas. A fully automated production of individual pieces is possible nowadays. Automating processes and using robots comes at a high cost. In addition, automation reaches its limits when it comes to assemly fine and fragile technology. Machines have no creativity and no flexibility, because the work steps that were previously programmed are carried out.